Botanist. Born in Kochi, the son of a sake brewer. After dropping out of elementary school, he studied botany on his own. In 1884, Makino started studying at the University of Tokyo under Ryokichi Yatabe, who was greatly impressed with him. In 1888, Makino started publishing "Nippon Shokubutsu-shi Zu-hen"(Natural History of Japanese Plants with Illustrations) with his own expenses. He became an assistant instructor at the Imperial University in 1893 and later an instructor at the Imperial University of Tokyo in 1912. He became a Doctor of Science in 1927 and a member of Japan Academy in 1950. He was posthumously awarded the Order of Culture. He contributed to the development of Japanese botany, discovering and naming various new species of plants. He also wrote many books, including "Makino's Nihon shokubutsu zukan" (Makino's Illustrated Flora of Japan) (The first edition in 1940).