Documents with Commentaries

1-1 Cairo Communiqué, December 1, 1943

 This is known as the "Cairo Communiqué." It was made public on December 1, as a result of the Cairo Conference from November 22 to discuss their policy on Japan, by the President of the U.S. Franklin Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the U.K. Winston Churchill, and President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek. In response to a question from President Roosevelt, Chiang Kai-shek said that it was the Japanese people themselves who should decide whether or not the Emperor system would be abolished. The declaration, which was drafted by the U.S. and amended by the U.K., mentioned the unconditional surrender of Japan, the restoring to China of Manchuria, Formosa and the Pescadores, and the freedom and independence of Korea. The policy toward Japan in the Cairo Declaration was accepted as a basic policy of the Allied Powers and carried over into the Potsdam Declaration.

Actual Title of Source [Cairo Communiqué]
Date December 1, 1943
Document Number Records of the Department of State Relating to World War II, 1939-1945 "740.0011 EUROPEAN WAR 1939/32623"
<SDW-1, Roll No. 179>
Repository (reproduction) National Diet Library
Repository U.S. National Archives & Records Administration (RG59)
Note Microfilm
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