Chronological Table

Chronological table 5    December 1, 1946 - June 23, 1947

Japan GHQ, US Government and Others

December 1 Constitution Popularization Society is established (with Ashida as its Chairman).    
    December 6 FEC decides 16 principles regarding measures to promote labor unions in Japan.
    December 12 FEC decides to forward the October 17 decision to the Japanese government.
December 17 Council of National Labor Union convenes National Mass Meetings for the Security of Livelihood and Overthrow of the Yoshida Cabinet.    
December 27 The 92nd (extraordinary) session of the Imperial Diet convened (opening ceremony held on December 28, and House of Representatives dissolved on March 31, 1947).
Yoshida sends a letter to MacArthur asking for the continuation of the crime of high treason.

Junuary 1 Yoshida, during his new year’s radio broadcast, accuses the leftwing leaders of the labor unions of being "a bunch of outlaws." Junuary 1 MacArthur tells the Japanese people to grasp the opportunity and meet the challenge of the future.
    Junuary 3 MacArthur sends a letter to Yoshida regarding reexamination of the new Constitution.
Junuary 4 Ordinance relating to the purge of public officials amended, expanding its range.    
Junuary 6 Yoshida responds to January 3 letter from MacArthur.    
Junuary 16 Imperial House Law, Imperial House Economy Law, and the Cabinet Law are promulgated.    
Junuary 28 People’s Convention convened under the rallying cry "Oust Yoshida cabinet and break through the crisis".    
    Junuary 31 MacArthur orders halt to the general strike scheduled for February 1.
    February 7 MacArthur sends a letter to Yoshida ordering a general election to be held after the Diet is closed.
February 14 Imperial Diet re-opens its 92nd session (to deliberate on the Diet Law bill and other bills related to the Constitution).    
February 24 Law for the Election of Members of the House of Councillors promulgated.    
    February 25 MacArthur sends a letter to Yoshida regarding the elimination of the crime of high treason.
March 8 People’s Cooperative Party founded (with Takeo Miki as its Secretary-General).    
    March 10 Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers convened where four countries (United States, United Kingdom, France and Soviet Union) meet until April 24. Talks break down over disagreements between United States and Soviet Union on the problems of establishing peace with Germany.
    March 12 Truman Doctrine announced.
March 13 Petition Law promulgated.    
March 17 Law for Special Instances of the Writings, Drawings and the like in the Election Campaign promulgated.
Amendments to Law for the Election of Members of the House of Councillors promulgated.
March 17 MacArthur makes statement accelerating the establishment of peace with Japan.
    March 19 Atcheson reports to the ACJ that the United States is satisfied with the conditions of the occupation of Japan.
    March 20 FEC decides to announce the measures related to reexamination of the Constitution (Japanese newspapers carry it on the 30th of the month).
    March 27 FEC decides on measures regarding the revision of the Japanese education system.
March 28 Amnesty Law promulgated.    
March 31 Finance Law, Fundamental Law of Education, School Education Law, and amendments to Law for the Election of Members of the House of Representatives promulgated.
House of Representatives dissolved (final assembly of the Imperial Diet).
Democratic Party founded. (It is formed from the Progressive Party and those who left the Liberal Party and the People’s Cooperative Party. Ashida assumes leadership of the party.)
April 5 Elections are held for prefectural governors, mayors, and town and village headmen.    
April 7 Labor Standards Law promulgated.    
April 14 Antimonopoly Law promulgated.    
April 16 Court Organization Law promulgated.    
April 17 Local Autonomy Law promulgated.    
April 18 Law concerning the Validity of the Provisions of Orders in Force at the Time of the Coming into Force of the Constitution of Japan promulgated.    
April 19 Laws concerning temporary measures of the Civil Code, the Code of Civil Procedure and the Code of Criminal Procedure promulgated.    
April 20 First election for the House of Councillors held.    
April 25 The 23rd general election for the House of Representatives held.    
    April 27 MacArthur announces in a statement regarding the results of the general election: "The Japanese people have found a happy medium."
April 30 Elections for prefecture, city, ward, town and village assemblies are held (the first simultaneous local elections).
Diet Law promulgated (Law of the Houses of the Diet abolished).
April 30 Whitney, Chief of the Government Section, issues "Memorandum on the Decentralization of the Ministry of Home Affairs."
May 2 Ordinances concerning abrogation of the Regulation governing the Organization of the Privy Council and amendments to the Disciplinary Regulations of Government Officials promulgated. May 2 MacArthur sends a letter to Yoshida authorizing the display of the Japanese flag in the National Diet and other locations.
May 3 Constitution of Japan comes into force.
Constitution Popularization Society holds a commemoration ceremony.
May 20 First (special) session of the National Diet convened (closed on December 9).
First Yoshida cabinet resigns en bloc.
May 24 Katayama cabinet set up (formation of the cabinet completed June 1).    
June 23 Opening ceremony of the first session of the National Diet held.    
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