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Crisis in Constitutional Politics

HOME > Crisis in Constitutional Politics > c. Dissolution of Political Parties and Emergence of Yokusan (Imperial Rule Assistance) System > The Yokusan (Imperial Rule Assistance) System

c. Dissolution of Political Parties and Emergence of Yokusan (Imperial Rule Assistance) System

4-15 The Yokusan (Imperial Rule Assistance) System

Voluntary service activities carried out by the Japanese Women's Patriotic Labor Association (Great Japan Women's League), Tokushima Prefecture Branch From (Aikoku, Kokubo Fujin Undo Shiryoshu. Vol.9)
Voluntary service activities carried out by the Japanese Women's Patriotic Labor Association (Great Japan Women's League), Tokushima Prefecture Branch From "Aikoku, Kokubo Fujin Undo Shiryoshu. Vol.9"

As the wartime system become more entrenched in society, existing women's groups were put under control and reorganized in the name of reinforcing the mobilization of women. In February 1942 (Showa 17), the Patriotic Women's Association, the Great Japan National Defense Women's Association, the Great Japan Federated Women's Association, and other smaller groups were all merged into the Great Japan Women's Association. The merged group then joined the Taisei Yokusankai in May of the same year. Every adult woman in Japan, excepting the under twenty and unmarried, was forced to join, and the membership rolls reached 19 million in just one year. Even so, the executives working at the headquarters secretariat were all men.

In 1943 (Showa 18), the Great Japan Women's Association passed a resolution to energize all the women for the war effort enunciated four main principles for to this end: lift the morale of soldiers on the battlefield, adopt frugal lifestyles to conserve resources and win the war, raise production levels, and giving other kinds of support to the military.

Overview of Great Japan Women's Association

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