Japanese Ex-liblis Stamps
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Watanabe Kazan 1793-1841
Enlightened artist who committed suicide over suppression of government
 
Name
Common name: Nobori
Name: Sadayasu
Bynames: Hakuto and Sian
Pen names: Kazan, Gukaido, and Zenrakudo
  Occupation
  Feudal retainer to Mikawanokuni Tahara
 
  Biographical Sketch
    He was born in a tenement in Edo (old Tokyo).
  He studied painting to earn a living, studied Confucianism under Sato Issai, and under Matsuzaki Kodo later on. In 1832, he served in Edo (old Tokyo) as a Toshiyoriyaku, a government official, where he was in charge of coastal defense. He was acquainted with Takano Choei (1804 to 1850) and Koseki Sanei (1787 to 1839) and studied foreign affairs.
  In 1839 he was implicated in the case of "Bansha no Goku", and kept in confinement at home under house arrest until he committed suicide in 1841 at the age of 49.
 
  Kazan as Artist
    Kazan was well known as an artist. He mastered the techniques of Western art to enhance acquire a more realistic painting technique. His portrait of "Takami Senseki" is designated as a national treasure.
 
  "Bansha no Goku"
    In 1837, the US registered vessel the Morrison arrived in Japan to request trade, the shogunate ran them off under cannon fire in accordance with the "Gaikokusen Uchiharairei" (Edict to Repel Foreign Vessels) This is known as the "Morrison Incident." In opposition to the hard line of the shogunate, Watanabe Kazan wrote "Shinki-ron" and Takano Choei wrote "Bojutsu Yume Monogatari" representing deliberate arguments. The shogunate was alarmed at the influence of Kazan over the scholars of foreign studies and punished Kazan and Choei for this reason. "Bansha" is what the group around Kazan was called.
Manuscript by Kazan
Shinshaku Yochi zusetu
"Shinshaku Yochi zusetu"
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Stamped Material
Chigakujimo
"Chigakujimo"
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zenrakudo tahara hanshi watanabe nobori zoshoki
Ex-libris Ownership Stamp
Along with "kazan" (kazan) and "zenrakudo bunko" (zenrakudo bunko) there are known to be five other types.
Reading and the size of the ex-libris ownership stamp
zenrakudo(zenrakudo): 53x19mm
tawara hanshi watanabe nobori zoshoki(tahara hanshi watanabe nobori zoshoki): 59x34mm
Collection
  Among "Kyubaku Hikitsutsugi sho" (Books Inherited from the Old Feudal Government) are some Dutch translations called "Kazan Bosshu-bon" (Kazan Suppressed Books), but it is not known if they constitute the entire old collection.
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