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Date Indication in the Julian Calendar

Ancient Romans originally used the lunar calendar, which specified the day of the new moon and that of the full moon. Even after switching to the solar calendar, they continued to use the same way of naming dates. The first day of the month was called "kalendae" even if it was not the day of the new moon, and the middle of the month was called "idus" even if it was not the day of the full moon. The day of the first quarter moon was called "nonae". Other days were expressed as a certain number of days prior to the kalendae, nonae or idus, counting inclusively, that is, including the kalendae, etc. The table below shows how the days of March were named.

March 1Kal. Martii
March 2VI Nonas Martii
March 3V Nonas Martii
March 4IV Nonas Martii
March 5III Nonas Martii
March 6Pridie Nonas Martii
March 7Nonas Martii
March 8VIII Idus Martii
March 9VII Idus Martii
March 10VI Idus Martii
March 11V Idus Martii
March 12IV Idus Martii
March 13III Idus Martii
March 14Pridie Idus Martii
March 15Idibus Martii
March 16XVII Kal. Aprilis
March 17XVI Kal. Aprilis
March 18XV Kal. Aprilis
March 19XIV Kal. Aprilis
March 20XIII Kal. Aprilis
March 21XII Kal. Aprilis
March 22XI Kal. Aprilis
March 23X Kal. Aprilis
March 24IX Kal. Aprilis
March 25VIII Kal. Aprilis
March 26VII Kal. Aprlis
March 27VI Kal. Aprilis
March 28V Kal. Aprilis
March 29IV Kal. Aprilis
March 30III Kal. Aprilis
March 31Pridie Kal. Aprilis
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