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Border Decoration (Umrahmung)

Taking over the same book design as the manuscripts, border decoration was done on the first leaf of a book or chapter and each page of a Book of Hours for incunabula as well. For border decoration, woodcuts had superseded the hand illuminations, and were often employed by the printers who excelled in woodcut illustrations. Books of Hours, known to have been printed in Paris in large quantities, were designed with border decorations which surrounded the edges of pages with pictures of Biblical scenes. The border decorations in some of these books were printed using not woodcuts but etched metal.

Woodcut border in "De mysterio missae" Border decoration in "Horae: ad usum Tullensem" Border decoration by etched metal in "Horae: ad usum Romanum"

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