Home > Publications > NDL Newsletter > No. 208, October 2016

National Diet Library Newsletter

No. 208, October 2016

Material recently designated as an Important Cultural Property:
Materials on Ono Ranzan

This article is an abridged translation of the article in Japanese
of the same title in NDL Monthly Bulletin No. 663 (July 2016).

Ranzan'o gazo Call No. WA1-10-1
Drawn by Tani Buncho, inscribed by Ono Ranzan, one roll, 1809
166.5 x 39.8 cm
Available in the National Diet Library Digital Collections

Ono Ranzan (1729-1810) was a Japanese scholar of traditional pharmacognosy, the study of medicines derived from plants or other natural sources. On September 4, 2015, the Agency for Cultural Affairs followed the recommendations of a report by the Council for Cultural Affairs dated March 13, 2015, and designated "Materials on Ono Ranzan" held by the National Diet Library (NDL) as an Important Cultural Property of Japan. This is the tenth time that materials in the NDL collections have been designated as an Important Cultural Property.

On January 20, 2016, the NDL's 51st Committee on the Designation of Rare Books also designated the collection "Materials on Ono Ranzan" as rare books, and the call numbers were revised and are now from WA1-10-1 to WA1-10-11 (Rare Books / National Treasures and Important Cultural Properties).

The collection comprises the following 11 items, which were selected from a collection that was donated to the NDL by Mr. Ono Tsuyoshi, a direct descendant of Ono Ranzan, on July 24, 2001.1 This collection is a primary source for research on Ono Ranzan, and includes autograph manuscripts as well as materials that were produced during his lifetime and were a guide to his activities.

(1) Ranzan'o gazo NDL Call No. WA1-10-1, former NDL Call No. WA21-29

(2) Ono ranzan sho NDL Call No. WA1-10-2, former NDL Call No. YR1-N19

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(3) Onoke keizu NDL Call No. WA1-10-3, former NDL Call No. W194-N6

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(4) Ono ranzan kokin nikki NDL Call No. WA1-10-4, former NDL Call No. W221-N32

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(5) Goyodome NDL Call No. WA1-10-5, former NDL Call No. W221-N33

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(6) Honzo komoku soko NDL Call No. WA1-10-6, former NDL Call No. WB9-10

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(7) Seimeijo NDL Call No. WA1-10-7, former NDL Call No. WB9-9

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(8) Shuhoken zuihitsu NDL Call No. WA1-10-8, former NDL Call No. W391-N28

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(9) Ranzan sensei hiden kakyo yaku, 2 kan NDL Call No. WA1-10-9, former NDL Call No. W391-N35

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(10) Kaihon daiji shoju senkai kobun sinpo, koshu 2 kan NDL Call No. WA1-10-10, former NDL Call No. W825-N1

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

(11) Bunsho kihan, sei 7 kan zoku 7 kan NDL Call No. WA1-10-11, former NDL Call No. W825-N2

Available in the NDL Digital Collections

Traditional pharmacognosy, the study of medicines derived from plants or other natural sources, was originally botanical in nature and introduced from China. During the Edo period, it developed in Japan into a modern field of natural historical and scientific research covering a wide range of aspects of natural objects, including shapes, characteristics, and names, as a result of the need to compare and identify natural objects written in Chinese materials with those grown in Japan.

Materials on Ono Ranzan had been preserved at Ono family until the present. These include an autograph manuscript of his lectures Honzo komoku soko and his autograph diary Ono ranzan kokin nikki, which gives a realistic picture of his days working at the Edo Medical School (Igakukan) and activities collecting medicinal herbs. These materials are relevant to many crucial matters during Ono Ranzan's life and are a valuable and primary source for research on his life and his work.

(Translated by Kanako Ogawa)

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  1. To see the collection on Ono Ranzan donated to the NDL by Mr. Ono Tsuyoshi, please check Ono Ranzan kankei shiryo kokuritsu kokkai toshokan kizo risuto (NDL donated list of materials on Ono Ranzan) by Ono Tsuyoshi, included in Ono Ranzan (NDL Call No. M74-J76) edited by Ono Ranzan botsugo nihyakunen kinenshi henshu iinkai (editorial committee for the memorial magazine commemorating 200th anniversary of Ono Ranzan's death), published by Yasaka shobo, 2010. Materials held by the Rare Books and Old Materials Room of the NDL can be searched through the NDL-OPAC, and their bibliographic data contains notes with the descriptions 小野家旧蔵 (formerly owned by Ono family) and 小野強氏寄贈 (donated by Ono Tsuyoshi).

Note:

Related articles of the NDL Newsletter on the other materials designated as Important Cultural Properties among NDL collection:

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