No. 88, April 2017
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Earthquake-related resources which are collected in HINAGIKU
- 3. Collaboration with public libraries
- 4. Collaboration based on agreements with other institutions
- 5. Conclusion
The National Diet Library (NDL) constructs a national archive of the Great East Japan Earthquake, in which a magnitude 9.0-9.1 earthquake struck the northeastern part of Japan in March 2011. In collecting, preserving and providing the earthquake-related resources, the NDL collaborates with various institutions, both in Japan and abroad.
< The top page of HINAGIKU >
The archive system is called the NDL Great East Japan Earthquake Archive (Nickname: HINAGIKU). The NDL and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications constructed the archive, and released it in March 2013. The NDL is in charge of its management today.
Its aim is to hand down all earthquake-related resources and lessons to future generations and to utilize them for the restoration and reconstruction of the affected areas and for disaster prevention measures. The NDL engages in various collaborative projects to build and strengthen this national disaster archive.
As of March 2016, HINAGIKU is linked with 44 archives of 38 organizations (five of which are NDL's databases). By using HINAGIKU, you can cross-search these archives at once.
- A list of the searchable databases is available on the HINAGIKU website:
2. Earthquake-related resources which are collected in HINAGIKU
Following are examples of the earthquake-related resources provided online via HINAGIKU. Some are viewable on the HINAGIKU platform, while others are accessible from the link provided to the archive which carries the original content.
- Photographs of the afflicted area (including aerial photographs)
- Records of activities of non-profit organizations, volunteers, and local governments
- Testimonies of earthquake victims and members of non-profit organizations, volunteers and local governments
- Surveys and research data from academic institutions and organizations, or their bibliographic information
- News articles and videos on the afflicted area
- Documents, videos, catalogs on the Fukushima nuclear disaster
- Digitized images of books recording earthquakes which occurred in the past (including those from several centuries ago)
< The flow of collecting and providing earthquake-related resources via the HINAGIKU >
3. Collaboration with public libraries
Libraries in the afflicted area collect materials on the earthquake disaster, including those which are not in the form of publications. The NDL collaborates with these libraries as listed below:
- (1)Collaborative campaign by libraries "Let's donate records of the earthquake disaster to libraries"
The NDL provides support to the Tohoku University Library, which acts as the central office of this campaign.
- (2)Cooperative Liaison Conference Between the NDL and Prefectural Libraries on Earthquake Disaster Records
The NDL and the libraries of seven prefectures which were afflicted by the 2011 Earthquake (Aomori Prefectural Library, Iwate Prefectural Library, Miyagi Prefectural Library, Yamagata Prefectural Library, Fukushima Prefectural Library, Ibaraki Prefectural Library, and Chiba Prefectural Central Library) hold a conference each year to share information and awareness towards common challenges in collecting earthquake-related resources.
4. Collaboration based on agreements with other institutions
- (1)Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies at Harvard University (RIJS) - Cooperative agreement for the digital archive of the Great East Japan Earthquake between the NDL and the RIJS
The NDL creates metadata of websites related to the 2011 Earthquake, which have been collected through the NDL's Web Archiving Project (WARP). The metadata are then sent to the RIJS, which runs the Japan Disasters Digital Archive. The RIJS in return gives HINAGIKU the metadata of resources related to the 2011 Earthquake provided via their archive.
< Dr. Andrew Gordon (Lee and Juliet Folger Fund Professor of History at Harvard
University / The JDArchive Project Director, Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of
Japanese Studies) giving a lecture on the Japan Disasters Digital Archive at the
International Symposium "Advancing and deepening Disaster Archives six
years after the earthquake disaster" held in January 2017 >
- (2)International Research Institute of Disaster Science at Tohoku University - Agreement for mutual cooperation between the NDL and the International Research Institute of Disaster Science at Tohoku University
The NDL and the International Research Institute of Disaster Science at Tohoku University collaborates in many ways, such as information exchange on collection and utilization of earthquake-related resources. We hold the International Symposium on the Great East Japan Earthquake Archive every year.
< Posters of International Symposiums held in collaboration with the
International Research Institute of Disaster Science at Tohoku University
(left: FY2015, right: FY2016) >
Introduced in this article is only part of the NDL's efforts in collecting, preserving and providing resources related to earthquake disasters. In order to make HINAGIKU even more useful for the future generations, the NDL will continue to work on accumulating materials and information, hand in hand with related institutions and organizations.
< Poster of the International Symposium held in March 2013 >
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