[Draft Constitution: FEC policy decision, March 20, 1946]

20 March 1946

The Honorable James F. Byrnes
Secretary of State
Washington, D. C.

My dear Mr. Secretary:

Under the provisions of the agreement of Foreign Ministers at Moscow, establishing the Far Eastern Commission, it was agreed that one of the functions of the Commission should be to "formulate the policies, principles and standards in conformity with which the fulfillment by Japan of its obligations under the terms of surrender may be accomplished."

It was further agreed that when such decisions were made by the Far Eastern Commission, "The United States Government shall prepare directives in accordance with the policy decisions of the Commission and shall transmit them to the Supreme Commander through the appropriate United States Government agency."

At a meeting of the full Far Eastern Commission held at its headquarters, 2516 Massachusetts Avenue, Northwest, Washington, D.C. on 20 March 1946 the enclosed policy decision was unanimously agreed to.

As Secretary General of the Far Eastern Commission, I have been instructed to forward this decision to you on behalf of the Commission in order that the appropriate directives may be prepared and transmitted to the Supreme Commander in accordance with the terms of the Moscow Agreement.

Respectfully yours,
Nelson T. Johnson
Secretary General



The Commission has received from the United States Government the text of a draft constitution which appears to have been drawn up in compliance with an Imperial rescript, the text of which has also been supplied by the United States Government, along with the Supreme Commander's comments on that text.

The opening sentences of this draft indicate to the Commission that it will be presented to the first session of the Japanese Diet which will be chosen at the forthcoming general elections. The Commission therefore assumes that this and possibly other texts will be debated in the Diet and that amendments may be offered and perhaps other proposals introduced.

The Commission, therefore, desires that the Supreme Commander keep it informed of the progress and development of this and other drafts that may be considered by the Diet.

For mindful of its responsibilities under its Terms of Reference for the formulation of policy in regard to the implementation of the surrender terms, and of the important bearing which this or any other proposed changes in the constitutional structure of Japan may have upon the decisions in carrying out that responsibility, the Commission desires that the Supreme Commander for the Allies make clear to the Japanese Government that the Far Eastern Commission must be given an opportunity to pass upon the final draft of the Constitution to determine whether it is consistent with the Potsdam Declaration and any other controlling document before it is finally approved by the Diet and becomes legally valid.

The Commission believes that in this way hasty action by the Japanese Diet will be prevented and time given for all elements inside and outside the Diet to consider this very important question and bring to that consideration all available thought produced by the freely expressed will of the Japanese people.

In this connection the Commission notes the encouragement given to the Japanese people in the Supreme Commander's announcement that this draft of a proposed constitution has his personal approval. It is somewhat apprehensive that this approval may be misunderstood by the Japanese public and taken to mean that this particular draft has the approval of the Powers represented on this Commission.

As such is not necessarily the case and as the Commission does not want to take any action in regard to this or any other draft constitution that might prejudice Japanese public opinion for or against any proposal of this nature, it considers that the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers should in some appropriate manner make it known to the Japanese people that while this draft of a proposed Constitution is a document of obvious merit and is available now for consideration and study, the fact that it is a draft prepared by the Government does not preclude favorable consideration of other proposals or drafts which may be submitted to the Diet for study and comparison.

The Commission requests that the United States Government inform the Supreme Commander of its views as expressed above, and since the constitutional issue is one that is likely to influence the votes of the electors, it do so with a minimum of delay.


The attached is certified to be the official text of a document unanimously adopted at the fourth meeting of the Far Eastern Commission, held at 2516 Massachusetts Avenue, Northwest, Washington, D. C. on 20 March 1946.

Nelson Trusler Johnson
Nelson T. Johnson
Secretary General

Washington, D. C.
21 March 1946

以下は上記文書の日本語訳です(一部、翻訳されていません)。「帝国憲法改正諸案及び関係文書. 3:連合国側関係文書」(憲資・総第十一号)憲法調査会事務局(1957年)から転載しました。








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